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共繪長三角民生福祉“同心圓”
來源: 安(an)徽(hui)新聞(wen)網-安(an)徽(hui)日報 2024-06-04 08:24:44 責編: 武靜

長(chang)(chang)三角一體化,最根(gen)本的出發點是(shi)為(wei)了(le)讓人(ren)民群眾享受更(geng)美好(hao)的生(sheng)活(huo)。長(chang)(chan止剖g)三角區域(yu)是(shi)我國人(ren)口流動規(gui)模(mo)較大的區域(yu),必須緊扣“一體化”和“高質(zhi)量”兩個(ge)關鍵詞抓(zhua)好(hao)重點工作,在發展中(zhong)保(bao)障(zhang)和改善民生(sheng),持續分類推進各領域(yu)公共(gong)服務便利共(gong)享,共(gong)繪長(chang)(chang)三角民生(sheng)福祉“同心圓”。

促(cu)進(jin)(jin)高質量充分就(jiu)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)。就(jiu)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)是最大(da)的(de)(de)(de)民生工程、民心工程、根基(ji)工程。加(jia)快皖北承接產(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)轉移集聚區(qu)、蘇(su)皖合作示范區(qu)、“一地六縣”產(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)合作區(qu)建設,構建以實體(ti)經濟為支撐的(de)(de)(de)現代化產(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)體(ti)系(xi)。“一企一策(ce)”支持新能(neng)源汽車產(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)發(fa)展,鞏固擴(kuo)大(da)智能(neng)網(wang)聯(lian)新能(neng)源汽車產(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)領先優勢,打造世界級產(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)集群,為群眾在(zai)(zai)锦漂家門(men)口創造更多就(jiu)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)崗位。健全長三角一體(ti)化的(de)(de)(de)就(jiu)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)公共服(fu)務體(ti)系(xi),優化跨區(qu)域(yu)就(jiu)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)創業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)指導(dao)服(fu)務,加(jia)大(da)高校(xiao)畢業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)生就(jiu)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)服(fu)務供(gong)給,完善(shan)新就(jiu)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)形態的(de)(de)(de)勞動者權益保障制(zhi)(zhi)度。充分發(fa)揮市場(chang)在(zai)(zai)人才資源配(pei)置中的(de)(de)(de)決定性作用(yong),逐漸(jian)破(po)除(chu)人才流動中的(de)(de)(de)制(zhi)(zhi)約(yue)因素,協(xie)同(tong)推進(jin)(jin)人才評價機制(zhi)(zhi)改(gai)革(ge),消除(chu)地區(qu)間人才評價壁壘,進(jin)(jin)一步深化落實專(zhuan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)人員職業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)資格、技術職稱和繼(ji)續教(jiao)育學(xue)時互認工作。

推(tui)進(jin)(jin)教育(yu)協同(tong)(tong)發展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)。高(gao)(gao)質量發展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)離不開創新人才的培養(yang)。長(chang)(chang)三(san)(san)(san)角(jiao)(jiao)地(di)(di)區地(di)(di)緣相近、人文(wen)相親,教育(yu)底蘊深(shen)厚,為深(shen)化長(chang)(chang)三(san)(san)(san)角(jiao)(jiao)教育(yu)協同(tong)(tong)發展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)提供有利條件。推(tui)進(jin)(jin)基礎(chu)教育(yu)互動交流(liu),推(tui)進(jin)(jin)長(chang)(chang)三(san)(san)(san)角(jiao)(jiao)高(gao)(gao)校(xiao)院所全面合(he)(he)作(zuo)、協同(ton萧求g)(tong)創新。合(he)(he)力打(da)造長(chang)(chang)三(san)(san)(san)角(jiao)(jiao)科(ke)技創新共同(tong)(tong)體,共同(tong)(tong)加(jia)強應用基礎(chu)研究和(he)前沿研究,推(tui)進(jin)(jin)上海張(zhang)江、合(he)(he)肥綜合(he)(he)性國家(jia)(jia)科(ke)學中(zhong)心济稳“兩心同(tong)(tong)創”,共建高(gao)(gao)水平國家(jia)(jia)實(shi)驗室(shi)體系,促進(jin)(jin)長(chang)(chang)三(san)(san)(san)角(jiao)(jiao)大科(ke)學裝置集群(qun)共建共享。優化選(xuan)拔分(fen)流(liu)制(zhi)度,調整教育(yu)模式和(he)課(ke)程體系,完善教育(yu)服務(wu)發展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)的機(ji)制(zhi),提升教育(yu)鏈、人才鏈與創新鏈、產業鏈匹配度。適應先進(jin)(jin)制(zhi)造、現代服務(wu)、養(yang)老照護(hu)等(deng)領域人才需求,加(jia)強職業技能(neng)培訓(xun),健全終身職業技能(neng)培訓(xun)制(zhi)度。

加(jia)快推(tui)進(jin)(jin)醫(yi)療(liao)(liao)保(bao)(bao)障(zhang)一(yi)體(ti)(ti)化。醫(yi)療(liao)(liao)保(bao)(bao)障(zhang)是事關群眾(zhong)切(qie)身利益的(de)(de)重要事項(xiang)之一(yi)。從(cong)異地就(jiu)醫(yi)門(men)(men)診費用(yong)直(zhi)接結(jie)算、長護(hu)險延伸試(shi)點,到區(qu)域藥品聯合集采、信用(yong)就(jiu)醫(yi),長三(san)(san)角(jiao)三(san)(san)省一(yi)市醫(yi)保(bao)(bao)部門(men)(men)以項(xiang)目化推(tui)進(jin)(jin)醫(yi)保(bao)(bao)一(yi)體(ti)(ti)化發(fa)(fa)展,不斷提(ti)升參(can)保(bao)(bao)群眾(zhong)看病(bing)就(jiu)醫(yi)便(bian)捷(jie)度(du),推(tui)動(dong)實(s瞎椒hi)現(xian)長三(san)(san)角(jiao)基(ji)本醫(yi)保(bao)(bao)公(gong)共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)服務便(bian)利共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)享。接下來,要完(wan)善長三(san)(san)角(jiao)醫(yi)保(bao)(bao)協同(tong)發(fa)(fa)展機制(zhi),繼(ji)續(xu)擴大異地就(jiu)醫(yi)門(men)(men)診費用(yong)直(zhi)接結(jie)算。除了醫(yi)保(bao)(bao)報銷,還要促進(jin)(jin)醫(yi)療(liao)(liao)資源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)的(de)(de)協同(tong)發(fa)(fa)展,推(tui)動(dong)優質醫(yi)療(liao)(liao)資源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)享,讓跨省就(jiu)醫(yi)體(ti)(ti)驗(yan)更便(bian)捷(jie)。加(jia)大長三(san)(san)角(jiao)醫(yi)共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)體(ti)(ti)、影像中(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)、云上問(wen)診平臺等的(de)(de)建設(she),讓人(ren)們“足不出市”便(bian)能(neng)享受優質醫(yi)療(liao)(liao)資源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)。深化區(qu)域人(ren)力資源(yuan)阀隙(yuan)(yuan)協作,推(tui)進(jin)(jin)公(gong)共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)衛生(sheng)等重大突發(fa)(fa)事件應急體(ti)(ti)系建設(she),共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)建國家區(qu)域醫(yi)療(liao)(liao)中(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin),實(shi)現(xian)長三(san)(san)角(jiao)公(gong)共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)衛生(sheng)聯防(fang)聯控。繼(ji)續(xu)發(fa)(fa)揮(hui)長三(san)(san)角(jiao)青(qing)少年心(xin)(xin)(xin)理健康(kang)聯盟的(de)(de)作用(yong),健全三(san)(san)級心(xin)(xin)(xin)理干預網絡體(ti)(ti)系,引導優質心(xin)(xin)(xin)理咨詢資源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)下沉基(ji)層(ceng),加(jia)強(qiang)縣鄉村心(xin)(xin)(xin)理咨詢服務協同(tong)。

著力提高養(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)老(lao)(lao)(lao)(lao)服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)務(wu)水(shui)平(ping)(ping)(ping)。人(ren)口(kou)(kou)老(lao)(lao)(lao)(lao)齡(ling)化(hua),是當(dang)前長(chang)三(san)(san)角(jiao)社(she)會民(min)生領域(yu)(yu)面臨的一(yi)(yi)個(ge)重要挑戰。截至2022年底,長(chang)三(san)(san)角(jiao)三(san)(san)省一(yi)(yi)市老(lao)(lao)(lao)(lao)年人(ren)口(kou)(kou)共4789萬,占(zhan)總戶籍人(ren)口(kou)(kou)的22.2%,高于(yu)全(quan)(quan)國平(ping)(ping)(ping)均水(shui)平(ping)(ping)(ping)。加快推動(dong)長(chang)三(san)(san)角(jiao)生態綠色康養(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)基地(di)(di)建(jian)設(she),在養(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)老(lao)(lao)(lao)(lao)機構等級評(ping)定、養(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)老(lao)(lao)(lao)(lao)護理(li)職業(ye)(ye)技能等級認定、長(chang)期(qi)護理(li)保險(xian)(xian)異(yi)(yi)地(di)(di)結算等方面開展(zhan)(zhan)一(yi)(yi)體化(hua)試點,支持養(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)老(lao)(lao)(lao)(lao)服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)務(wu)企業(ye)(ye)連(lian)鎖化(hua)規模(mo)(mo)化(hua)發展(zhan)(zhan),鼓勵推行長(chang)三(san)(san)角(jiao)區域(yu)(yu)異(yi)(yi)地(di)(di)養(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)老(lao)(lao)(lao)(lao)、候鳥式(s滔岳hi)養(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)老(lao)(lao)(lao)(lao)、療(liao)養(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)式(shi)養(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)老(lao)(lao)(lao)(lao)、田(tian)園式(shi)養(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)老(lao)(lao)(lao)(lao)模(mo)(mo)式(shi)。健全(quan)(quan)多層(ceng)次、多支柱養(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)老(lao)(lao)(lao)(lao)保險(xian)(xian)體系(xi),尤其(qi)是個(ge)人(ren)養(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)老(lao)(lao)(lao)(lao)金制度(du),積極發展(zhan)(zhan)第三(san)(san)支柱養(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)老(lao)(lao)(lao)(lao)保險(xian)(xian)。科學規劃、整合養(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)老(lao)(lao)(lao)(lao)服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)務(wu)設(she)施建(jian)設(she),加強鄉村(cun)社(she)區養(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)老(lao)(lao)(lao)(lao)服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)務(wu)網絡建(jian)設(she),加大農村(cun)養(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)老(lao)(lao)(lao)(lao)服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)務(wu)補(bu)短板力度(du)。加強老(lao)(lao)(lao)(lao)年用品和服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)務(wu)供給,支持養(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)老(lao)(lao)(lao)(lao)服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)務(wu)企季希業(ye)(ye)連(lian)鎖化(hua)、規模(mo)(mo)化(hua)發展(zhan)(zhan)。培育規范養(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)老(lao)(lao)(lao)(lao)服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)務(wu)隊伍,加快長(chang)三(san)(san)角(jiao)養(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)老(lao)(lao)(lao)(lao)機構等級評(ping)定、養(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)老(lao)(lao)(lao)(lao)護理(li)職業(ye)(ye)技能等級認定、長(chang)期(qi)護理(li)保險(xian)(xian)異(yi)(yi)地(di)(di)結算等方面一(yi)(yi)體化(hua)試點。

推(tui)動生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)態(tai)環境(jing)質量持續(xu)改善(shan)。良好生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)態(tai)環境(jing)是最(zui)普惠(hui)的民生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)福祉。加(jia)強(qiang)(qiang)三省一(yi)市生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)態(tai)保(bao)(bao)(bao)護紅線無縫銜接,推(tui)進(jin)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)要生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)態(tai)屏障、生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)態(tai)廊道和(he)區(qu)(qu)域(yu)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)要水(shui)源涵養地(di)共(gong)同(tong)保(bao)(bao)(bao)護,加(jia)強(qiang)(qiang)大氣(qi)、水(shui)、土壤污(wu)染綜合防(fang)治,強(qiang)(qiang)化(hua)(hua)長三角跨區(qu)(qu)域(yu)林業聯(lian)防(fang)聯(lian)控、聯(lian)動執法(fa)機制,深入開展(zhan)跨界水(shui)體共(gong)保(bao)(bao)(bao)聯(lian)治,持續(xu)推(tui)進(jin)長江(jiang)“十(shi)年禁(jin)漁”,加(jia)強(qiang)(qiang)聯(lian)合執法(fa)。加(jia)強(qiang)(qiang)節(jie)能減(jian)排降碳區(qu)(qu)域(yu)政策協同(tong),健全區(qu)(郭诵qu)域(yu)綠色(se)(se)制造體系。全面推(tui)進(jin)清(qing)潔(jie)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)產,促(cu)進(jin)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)點(dian)(dian)領域(yu)和(he丙唧)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)點(dian)(dian)行業節(jie)能降碳增效,做(zuo)強(qiang)(qiang)做(zuo)優(you)綠色(se)(se)低碳產業,完善(shan)跨區(qu)(qu)域(yu)排污(wu)權(quan)交(jiao)易制度,積(ji)極穩妥推(tui)進(jin)碳達峰(feng)碳中和(he)。加(jia)大古村落保(bao)(bao)(bao)護、利(li)用力(li)度,協同(tong)建設自然生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)態(tai)和(he)文化(hua)(hua)旅(lv)游廊道,聯(lian)合打造長三角國際文旅(lv)精品路線。拓寬生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)態(tai)優(you)勢轉化(hua)(hua)為經濟優(you)勢的路徑,促(cu)進(jin)經濟社會發展(zhan)與(yu)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)態(tai)環境(jing)保(bao)(bao)(bao)護良性互動。

張 超

(作者單位:安(an)徽省中國特色(se)社硅催會主義理論體系研(yan)究中心省委黨校(妇斤xiao)研(yan)究基地)

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